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PCOS or Polycystic Ovary syndrome & Pregnancy

Today’s women be it working women or housewives deserve the best and quality care, and I am totally committed to develop a very healthy partnership with each patient I meet. I intend to provide all my patients with best firsthand information and options to the best medical care. I take utmost care to provide a very efficient medical care to my patients.

As a Consultant Obstetrician and Gynecologist, I provide care for women with a variety of obstetrics and gynecological concerns. With several years of clinical practice, I have acquired expertise in many areas, including the evaluation and management of irregular bleeding, premenstrual syndromes, pelvic pain and endometriosis and medical management and treatment of abnormal pap smears . I am also well versed with management of Poly-cystic Ovarian Syndrome.

PCOS or Polycystic Ovary Syndrome or PCOD

PCOS or Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS), a condition characterized by hormonal imbalance, is a problem in which a woman’s hormones are out of balance due to which several cysts are formed in the ovary. If it remains undiagnosed PCOS can lead to infertility and can bring up several health complications. It has been found that at least one in five Indian women suffer from PCOS and women in the age group of 15-30 years were found to be at high risk. PCOS may also cause unwanted changes in the way women look.
PCOS is caused due to a combination of genetic and lifestyle factors. It is a complex condition, making it tough to diagnose, as symptoms vary widely from woman to woman. It is important to understand and recognize both early- and late-onset symptoms. PCOS signs and symptoms often begin soon after puberty and develops gradually. However, in some cases, PCOS develops later during the reproductive years. There are many signs and symptoms, which show on and affect every woman a little differently.

The symptoms and signs to track and look out for, which first indicate the onset of PCOS:

  • Weight Gain and Obesity
  • Irregular periods: This is the most common characteristic of PCOD. Menstrual intervals that last longer than 35 days; having fewer than 8 period cycles in a year; failure to menstruate for four months or longer; and prolonged periods that may be scanty.
  • Excess of androgens (male hormones): Elevated levels of male hormones may result in physical signs, such as excessive facial and body hair, adult acne of severe adolescent acne.
  • Ultrasound finding in which ovaries are enlarged with small immature follicles seen on scan as small cysts called poly cystic ovaries (PCOS). This leads to anovulation due to which it leads to infertility i.e. difficulty in getting pregnant.

Treatment Options:

  • Modifications of their lifestyle which includes diet management and exercise helps women with PCOS. Increasing physical activity is important step in losing weight. Aerobic activities such as walking, jogging and swimming are advised.
  • Patients are put on combined pills to regularize their cycles
  • Use of Metformin and Inositol is also helpful as there is insulin resistance in these patients
  • Patients having resistant PCOS not responding to oral .medications , need to undergo surgical treatment called LEOS or Ovarian Drilling

Last but not the least every woman is different and response to treatment varies from individual to individual, so a thorough examination and detailed investigation is advised

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