In today’s world, no one, almost no one is unaware of the word bacteria and antibiotics. Every child and adult, be it an educated person or a less-educated or less aware person knows what an antibiotic is.
Bacteria are one of the many pathogens that can cause serious illnesses in living beings. These bacteria, when attacking a person, are rampant in their body, growing and developing inside. Now comes the defendant -> antibiotics.
Antibiotics are like the front line weapons that can defeat these bacteria in the person’s body thereby restoring the much-desired health.
Some common diseases caused by bacteria are
- Urinary tract infections (UTIs).
- Whooping cough
- Strep throat.
- Chlamydia, gonorrhea and other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).
- E. coli.
Antibiotics can be administered to a patient orally, topically (by application), intravenously or by injection, depending on the type of infection and condition of the patient.
In any case, antibiotics work by killing the bacteria inside of the living being or by simply deterring the bacteria from growing or multiplying.
Now, the problem is, if these nasty bacteria become resistant (bullet-proof) to the antibacterial medicine, trying to defeat them, they continue to grow and make the person more sick.
Antibiotic resistance (also known as antimicrobial resistance) occurs when the bacteria develop the ability to be unaffected by the drugs designed to kill them. Resistant infections can be difficult, and sometimes impossible, to treat.
Now, that you get the basics, let’s get to the serious concern of rapidly growing antibiotic resistance in India.
Studies show that India is one of the countries worst hit by “antimicrobial resistance” . Not only adults, but there is a drastic and unwelcome rise in infant deaths due to “antibiotic-resistant neonatal infections”
In advanced scenarios, antibiotic resistance can be the cause of untreated infections that can lead to death.
Antibiotic resistance is a naturally occurring condition, but it is the misuse and the overuse of antibiotics in living beings that is speeding up the process.
A large number of serious conditions, that were previously “easily treated” by antibiotics, are now becoming harder and harder to treat.
The Covid-19 Pandemic made things worse.
During the disorderly treatment of Covid-19, many were treated with antibiotics, unnecessarily. Many even treated themselves with antibiotics, in the heightened fear of Covid -19, without a doctor’s recommendation.
It is now considered “one of the world’s most urgent public health problems.” and we must keep ourselves completely aware and educated about the matter.
Remember these pointers to prevent antibiotic resistance.
- Remember, your health care provider can decide the best treatment for you when you’re sick. Don’t ask your doctor to prescribe an antibiotic for you if he doesn’t think it’s necessary.
- Definitely don’t prescribe yourself antibiotics without a doctor’s advice. Always visit a doctor when you are unwell.
- Keep in mind, and spread the word that antibiotics and antifungals do not work on viruses, such as colds and the flu. Using them to treat a viral infection, again and again can lead to antibiotic resistance.
- Keep your vaccinations up to date.
- Reduce chances of catching an infection often. Simple steps like keeping hands clean, healthy eating habits and looking after chronic conditions like diabetes can help.
It is indeed a typical belief in our society, that a doctor is not good enough if he Does Not Recommend an antibiotics. Unfortunately the myth is still alive even among the very educated and intellectual individuals of society. Enough education to bust this myth must be handed out, because antibiotics resistance is a serious issue as detailed above.
Talk to our specialist doctors if you need any more guidance or if you are worried about your child or loved ones at home.
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